Muslim wedding and Islamic wedding customs are traditions and practices that relate to wedding ceremonies and marriage rituals prevailing within the Muslim world. Although Islamic marriage customs and relations vary depending on country of origin and government regulations, both Muslim men and women from around the world are guided by Islamic laws and practices specified in the Quran. There are key elements that tie all of these weddings together. Marriage is viewed as a lifelong commitment to each other with the blessings of Allah.
In light of that, the Muslim wedding ceremony or the nikkah, is highly valued by practicing Muslims. During the wedding, Pillai says the bride and groom say qubool (yes), three times for the marriage to be valid. This is done during the nikkah portion of the ceremony. The nikkah is a very intimate ceremony and is very short in nature.
Some people also have events leading up to the wedding ceremony and reception, including a henna or mendhi party, where the bride and her family and friends decorate their hands with henna. While traditions can be different for families and cultures, some weddings include men and women sitting separately during the ceremony or reception and at others, the priest may also read the first chapter of the Qu’ran to all guests after the ceremony is complete.
The only requirement for Muslim weddings is the signing of a marriage contract. Marriage traditions differ depending on culture, Islamic sect, and observance of gender separation rules. Most marriages are not held in mosques, and men and women remain separate during the ceremony and reception. Since Islam sanctions no official clergy, any Muslim who understands Islamic tradition can officiate a wedding. If you are having your wedding in a mosque, many have marriage officers, called qazi or madhun, who can oversee the marriage.
The marriage contract includes a meher — a formal statement specifying the monetary amount the groom will give the bride. There are two parts to the meher: a prompt due before the marriage is consummated and a deferred amount given to the bride throughout her life. Today, many couples use the ring as the prompt because the groom presents it during the ceremony. The deferred amount can be a small sum — a formality — or an actual gift of money, land, jewelry, or even an education. The gift belongs to the bride to use as she pleases, unless the marriage breaks up before consummation. The meher is considered the bride’s security and guarantee of freedom within the marriage.
Attire and Celebration
The majority of brides in Muslim Wedding favour a traditional white wedding dress, but brides from the Asian subcontinent often favour a shalwar-qameez outfit in scarlet with gold thread, and have their hands and feet patterned with henna. They might also have vast feasts with hundreds of guests, usually with the males in a separate room from the females. Other Muslims have simple celebratory parties with only close friends and relatives.
In some cultures there may be dancing, firing of guns, lots of noise and hilarity. Asian weddings often include pre-nuptial parties and gathering too – the whole process may last several days.